Mediastinitis is an uncommon complication after cardiac surgery; however, its associated morbidity and mortality demand early recognition and emergency therapy. This review is intended to emphasize certain features of the incidence, pathogenesis, and bacteriology of this complication in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass through a median sternotomy. The diagnosis and treatment of mediastinitis after cardiac surgical procedures, as well as methods of prevention, are also reviewed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine