Mechanisms Underlying Arrhythmogenesis Associated with Heart Failure

David N. Edwards, Andreas S. Barth, Gordon F. Tomaselli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The hallmark of electrophysiologic remodeling in heart failure is arrhythmogenic prolongation of the action potential. Downregulation of repolarizing K+ currents and bioenergetic pathways are hallmarks of electrophysiological remodeling. Ion transport and mitochondrial bioenergetic transcripts are tightly co-regulated, with a predicted increase in electrical instability in the failing myocardium. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) significantly shortens the action potential particularly in myocytes isolated from the lateral wall of the left ventricle during dyssynchronous contraction. This partial normalization of the electrical phenotype may provide an explanation for the reduced risk for arrhythmias and better prognosis after CRT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-68
Number of pages12
JournalCardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

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Keywords

  • Action potential
  • CRT
  • Gene expression
  • Heart failure
  • Ion channels
  • Remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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