Mechanisms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Comparisons with asthma

C. Sorino, N. Scichilone, S. Battaglia, G. Augugliaro, V. Bellia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are complex and have been largely studied; however, the underlying factors are not completely understood. Chronic airway inflammation is a key characteristic of COPD and specific inflammatory abnormalities exist even in the airways of subjects with mild and asymptomatic clinical patterns. In addressing these mechanisms, a comparison with asthma becomes fundamental, since the latter shows clinical and functional aspects that overlap with those observed in COPD. The mechanisms of inflammation in GOPD, and their similarities and differences with asthma are therefore discussed in this article. The diagnosis of chronic obstructive diseases may pose important issues regarding On the differentiation between COPD and asthma: lack of, or delayed, recognition of the disease (underdiagnosis), incorrect interpretation of symptoms that are attributed to other respiratory or non-respiratory diseases (misdiagnosis), and erroneous classification of healthy subjects as affected by the disease (overdiagnosis). Underdiagnoses, misdiagnosis and overdiagnosis may all lead to inappropriate therapeutic choices, thus affecting health-related quality of life and prognosis. In this scenario, specific issues accounting for differences between COPD and asthma are also addressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-29
Number of pages15
JournalMinerva Pneumologica
Volume48
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Asthma
Diagnostic Errors
Inflammation
Healthy Volunteers
Chronic Disease
Quality of Life
Medical Overuse
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Inflammation
  • Pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Sorino, C., Scichilone, N., Battaglia, S., Augugliaro, G., & Bellia, V. (2009). Mechanisms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Comparisons with asthma. Minerva Pneumologica, 48(1), 15-29.

Mechanisms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease : Comparisons with asthma. / Sorino, C.; Scichilone, N.; Battaglia, S.; Augugliaro, G.; Bellia, V.

In: Minerva Pneumologica, Vol. 48, No. 1, 03.2009, p. 15-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sorino, C, Scichilone, N, Battaglia, S, Augugliaro, G & Bellia, V 2009, 'Mechanisms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Comparisons with asthma', Minerva Pneumologica, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 15-29.
Sorino C, Scichilone N, Battaglia S, Augugliaro G, Bellia V. Mechanisms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Comparisons with asthma. Minerva Pneumologica. 2009 Mar;48(1):15-29.
Sorino, C. ; Scichilone, N. ; Battaglia, S. ; Augugliaro, G. ; Bellia, V. / Mechanisms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease : Comparisons with asthma. In: Minerva Pneumologica. 2009 ; Vol. 48, No. 1. pp. 15-29.
@article{13b2711c27e9422392a8451310587ef3,
title = "Mechanisms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Comparisons with asthma",
abstract = "The mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are complex and have been largely studied; however, the underlying factors are not completely understood. Chronic airway inflammation is a key characteristic of COPD and specific inflammatory abnormalities exist even in the airways of subjects with mild and asymptomatic clinical patterns. In addressing these mechanisms, a comparison with asthma becomes fundamental, since the latter shows clinical and functional aspects that overlap with those observed in COPD. The mechanisms of inflammation in GOPD, and their similarities and differences with asthma are therefore discussed in this article. The diagnosis of chronic obstructive diseases may pose important issues regarding On the differentiation between COPD and asthma: lack of, or delayed, recognition of the disease (underdiagnosis), incorrect interpretation of symptoms that are attributed to other respiratory or non-respiratory diseases (misdiagnosis), and erroneous classification of healthy subjects as affected by the disease (overdiagnosis). Underdiagnoses, misdiagnosis and overdiagnosis may all lead to inappropriate therapeutic choices, thus affecting health-related quality of life and prognosis. In this scenario, specific issues accounting for differences between COPD and asthma are also addressed.",
keywords = "Asthma, Inflammation, Pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive",
author = "C. Sorino and N. Scichilone and S. Battaglia and G. Augugliaro and V. Bellia",
year = "2009",
month = "3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
pages = "15--29",
journal = "Minerva Pneumologica",
issn = "0026-4954",
publisher = "Edizioni Minerva Medica S.p.A.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mechanisms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

T2 - Comparisons with asthma

AU - Sorino, C.

AU - Scichilone, N.

AU - Battaglia, S.

AU - Augugliaro, G.

AU - Bellia, V.

PY - 2009/3

Y1 - 2009/3

N2 - The mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are complex and have been largely studied; however, the underlying factors are not completely understood. Chronic airway inflammation is a key characteristic of COPD and specific inflammatory abnormalities exist even in the airways of subjects with mild and asymptomatic clinical patterns. In addressing these mechanisms, a comparison with asthma becomes fundamental, since the latter shows clinical and functional aspects that overlap with those observed in COPD. The mechanisms of inflammation in GOPD, and their similarities and differences with asthma are therefore discussed in this article. The diagnosis of chronic obstructive diseases may pose important issues regarding On the differentiation between COPD and asthma: lack of, or delayed, recognition of the disease (underdiagnosis), incorrect interpretation of symptoms that are attributed to other respiratory or non-respiratory diseases (misdiagnosis), and erroneous classification of healthy subjects as affected by the disease (overdiagnosis). Underdiagnoses, misdiagnosis and overdiagnosis may all lead to inappropriate therapeutic choices, thus affecting health-related quality of life and prognosis. In this scenario, specific issues accounting for differences between COPD and asthma are also addressed.

AB - The mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are complex and have been largely studied; however, the underlying factors are not completely understood. Chronic airway inflammation is a key characteristic of COPD and specific inflammatory abnormalities exist even in the airways of subjects with mild and asymptomatic clinical patterns. In addressing these mechanisms, a comparison with asthma becomes fundamental, since the latter shows clinical and functional aspects that overlap with those observed in COPD. The mechanisms of inflammation in GOPD, and their similarities and differences with asthma are therefore discussed in this article. The diagnosis of chronic obstructive diseases may pose important issues regarding On the differentiation between COPD and asthma: lack of, or delayed, recognition of the disease (underdiagnosis), incorrect interpretation of symptoms that are attributed to other respiratory or non-respiratory diseases (misdiagnosis), and erroneous classification of healthy subjects as affected by the disease (overdiagnosis). Underdiagnoses, misdiagnosis and overdiagnosis may all lead to inappropriate therapeutic choices, thus affecting health-related quality of life and prognosis. In this scenario, specific issues accounting for differences between COPD and asthma are also addressed.

KW - Asthma

KW - Inflammation

KW - Pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67649607138&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67649607138&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:67649607138

VL - 48

SP - 15

EP - 29

JO - Minerva Pneumologica

JF - Minerva Pneumologica

SN - 0026-4954

IS - 1

ER -