Mechanism of humoral and cellular immune modulation provided by porcine Sertoli cells

Hak Mo Lee, Chol Oh Byoung, Dong Pyo Lim, Dong Sup Lee, Hong Gook Lim, Soo Park Chun, Ryul Lee Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The understanding of main mechanisms that determine the ability of immune privilege related to Sertoli cells (SCs) will provide clues for promoting a local tolerogenic environment. In this study, we evaluated the property of humoral and cellular immune response modulation provided by porcine SCs. Porcine SCs were resistant to human antibody and complement-mediated formation of the membrane attack complex (38.41±2.77% vs. 55.02±5.44%, p=0.027) and cell lysis (42.95±1.75% vs. 87.99 ±2.25%, p<0.001) compared to immortalized aortic endothelial cells, suggesting that porcine SCs are able to escape cellular lysis associated with complement activation by producing one or more immunoprotective factors that may be capable of inhibiting membrane attack complex formation. On the other hand, porcine SCs and their culture supernatant suppressed the up-regulation of CD40 expression (p<0.05) on DCs in the presence of LPS stimulation. These novel findings, as we know, suggest that immune modulatory effects of porcine SCs in the presence of other antigen can be obtained from the first step of antigen presentation. These might open optimistic perspectives for the use of porcine SCs in tolerance induction eliminating the need for chronic immunosuppressive drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-520
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

Keywords

  • Cellular immune response
  • Humoral immune response
  • Immune privilege
  • Porcine sertoli cells
  • Tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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