The surgical treatment of traumatic injuries of the thoracic aorta is controversial because a number of technical approaches have been recommended. Despite the technique employed, spinal cord ischemia continues to be a persistent problem. Nineteen patients with confirmed aortic injuries secondary to blunt trauma were treated at the Yale-New Haven (Conn) Medical Center from 1984 to 1991. The patients were analyzed in two groups: group 1 (n = 10) underwent repair using mechanical circulatory support and group 2 (n=9) underwent repair without mechanical circulatory support. Sixteen patients survived. Three patients died of complications of multiple trauma. The groups were comparable with respect to aortic cross-clamp time, preoperative systolic blood pressure, and Injury Severity Score. Three patients in the nonmechanical support group developed neurologic complications (P<.05). No patient in the mechanical support group had a neurologic complication. We believe that mechanical circulatory support reduces the incidence of neurologic complications following traumatic injuries of the thoracic aorta and should be used whenever clinically feasible.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Archives of surgery|
|State||Published - May 1992|
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