Measuring satisfaction with health care services for vietnamese patients with cardiovascular diseases

Jongnam Hwang, Giang Thu Vu, Bach Xuan Tran, Thu Hong Thi Nguyen, Bang van Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Carl A. Latkin, Cyrus S.H. Ho, Roger C.M. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Patient satisfaction is a useful predictor of adherence and outcomes of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) treatment. This study explored the satisfaction of Vietnamese CVDs inpatients and outpatients using a scale specifically designed for CVDs patients and examined the factors associated with satisfaction towards CVDs treatment services. Interviews of 600 patients at the Hanoi Heart Hospital were conducted. We developed a measurement scale for both inpatient and outpatient services. Multivariate Tobit regression was used to determine the associated factors with patient satisfaction. For inpatients, Cronbach’s alpha reported for the domains were in the range of 0.72–0.97, while for outpatients, Cronbach’s alpha was within 0.61–0.97. Overall, patients were more satisfied with inpatient services (Mean = 81.8, SD = 5.8) than outpatient services (Mean = 79.7, SD = 5.2, p<0.05). In inpatients, the highest complete satisfaction was in “Attitude of Nurse” item (42.0%), the highest satisfaction score was in “Care and treatment” domain (Mean = 85.6, SD = 9.7) and the lowest in “Hospital facilities” domain (Mean = 78.3; SD = 9.2). Among outpatients, the highest complete satisfaction was in “Attitude of physicians when examining, guiding and explaining to the patient” item (19.7%), the highest satisfaction score was in “Attitude of medical staff” domain (Mean = 82.8; SD = 7.9) and the lowest in “Waiting time” domain (Mean = 76.6; SD = 8.2). People not having health insurances had significantly higher scores in “Waiting time”, “Hospital facilities” and “Attitude of staff” domains (for outpatients) and in “Health service accessibility”, “Hospital facilities” domains (for inpatients) as well as higher total satisfaction score than those having health insurance. Findings discovered through the application of the newly developed instrument showed low satisfaction regarding hospital facilities for inpatients and waiting time for outpatients, suggesting renovation efforts, while inferiority regarding patient satisfaction of health insurance covered patients compared to those without implied policy reform possibility. Further enhancement and validation of the developed instrument was required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0235333
JournalPloS one
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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