A common pathology in heart failure is a detrimental change in the mechanics of both contraction and filling. In familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a genetic disease characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy and myofiber disarray, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is common and contributes to congestive heart failure. In dilated cardiomyopathy, a common correlate to reduced wall thickening and increased chamber volume is an asynchronous activation of the left ventricle due to left bundle branch block. Local measures of the timing and magnitude of myocardial shortening and relaxation can be obtained with magnetic resonance (MR) tissue tagging, MR cine phase contrast, or MR cine displacement encoding. In familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, these methods have been shown to quantify the restrictive filling of the ventricle. Characterizing the regions of the failing heart which are activated late has allowed investigators to measure the change in protein expression in those regions compared to normal myocardium. Also, these MR imaging methods have led to a better quantification of the asynchronous activation in dilated cardiomyopathy, which can be used to predict response to resynchronization therapy with pacing.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Electrocardiology|
|Issue number||4 SUPPL.|
|State||Published - Oct 2006|
- Heart failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine