This paper examines the effect of TET1 expression on survival in glioma patients using open-access data from the Genomic Data Commons. A neural network-based survival model was built on expression data from a selection of genes most affected by TET1 knockdown with a median cross-validated survival concordance of 82.5%. A synthetic experiment was then conducted that linked two separately trained neural networks: a multitask model estimating cancer hallmark gene expression from TET1 expression, and a survival neural network. This experiment quantified the mediation of the TET1 survival effect through eight cancer hallmarks: apoptosis, cell cycle, cell death, cell motility, DNA repair, immune response, two phosphorylation pathways, and a randomized gene sets. Immune response, DNA repair, and apoptosis displayed greater mediation than the randomized gene set. Cell motility was inversely associated with only 12.5% mediated concordance. We propose the neural network linkage mediation experiment as an approach to collecting evidence of hazard mediation relationships with prognostic capacity useful for designing interventions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas