Measures of autozygosity in decline: Globalization, urbanization, and its implications for medical genetics

Michael A. Nalls, Javier Simon-Sanchez, J. Raphael Gibbs, Coro Paisan-Ruiz, Jose Tomas Bras, Toshiko Tanaka, Mar Matarin, Sonja Scholz, Charles Weitz, Tamara B. Harris, Luigi Ferrucci, John Hardy, Andrew B. Singleton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This research investigates the influence of demographic factors on human genetic sub-structure. In our discovery cohort, we show significant demographic trends for decreasing autozygosity associated with population variation in chronological age. Autozygosity, the genomic signature of consanguinity, is identifiable on a genome-wide level as extended tracts of homozygosity. We identified an average of 28.6 tracts of extended homozygosity greater than 1 Mb in length in a representative population of 809 unrelated North Americans of European descent ranging in chronological age from 19-99 years old. These homozygous tracts made up a population average of 42 Mb of the genome corresponding to 1.6% of the entire genome, with each homozygous tract an average of 1.5 Mb in length. Runs of homozygosity are steadily decreasing in size and frequency as time progresses (linear regression, p

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPLoS Genetics
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics(clinical)

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    Nalls, M. A., Simon-Sanchez, J., Gibbs, J. R., Paisan-Ruiz, C., Bras, J. T., Tanaka, T., Matarin, M., Scholz, S., Weitz, C., Harris, T. B., Ferrucci, L., Hardy, J., & Singleton, A. B. (2009). Measures of autozygosity in decline: Globalization, urbanization, and its implications for medical genetics. PLoS Genetics, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000415