Measurement of young's modulus of human tympanic membrane at high strain rates

Huiyang Luo, Chenkai Dai, Rong Z. Gan, Hongbing Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The mechanical behavior of human tympanic membrane (TM) has been investigated extensively under quasistatic loading conditions in the past. The results, however, are sparse for the mechanical properties (e.g., Young's modulus) of the TM at high strain rates, which are critical input for modeling the mechanical response under blast wave. The property data at high strain rates can also potentially be converted into complex modulus in frequency domain to model acoustic transmission in the human ear. In this study, we developed a new miniature split Hopkinson tension bar to investigate the mechanical behavior of human TM at high strain rates so that a force of up to half of a newton can be measured accurately under dynamic loading conditions. Young's modulus of a normal human TM is reported as 45.2-58.9 MPa in the radial direction, and 34.1-56.8 MPa in the circumferential direction at strain rates 300-2000 s -1. The results indicate that Young's modulus has a strong dependence on strain rate at these high strain rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • High strain rate
  • Human eardrum
  • Split Hopkinson tension bar
  • Young's modulus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Measurement of young's modulus of human tympanic membrane at high strain rates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this