Measurement of flow-mediated dilation of mouse femoral artery in vivo by optical coherence tomography

Weiye Song, Libo Zhou, Kevin L. Kot, Huijie Fan, Jingyan Han, Ji Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) is used for assessment of vascular endothelial function in humans as a predictor of cardiovascular events. It has been challenging to carry it on preclinical murine models due to the diminutive size of the femoral artery. Here, we present a new approach to accurately measure the blood velocity and femoral artery diameters of mice by acquiring Doppler optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography continuously within 1 single experimental scanning protocol. Using the 3-dimensional imaging and new velocity algorithm, the measurement precision of diameter, blood flow, velocity and wall shear stress are improved to 0.91%, 11.0%, 10.7% and 14.0%, respectively. FMD of healthy mouse femoral artery measured by this method was 11.96% ± 0.98%, which was blunted to 5.69% ± 0.4% by intravenous administration of endothelial nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (L-NG-Nitroarginine methyl ester), in agreement with that reported in the literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere201800053
JournalJournal of biophotonics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • arterial wall shear stress
  • flow-mediated dilation
  • mouse femoral artery
  • optical coherence tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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