Measurement of absolute amounts of antigen specific human IgE by a radioallergosorbent test (RAST) elution technique

R. R. Schellenberg, N. F. Adkinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A technique for the absolute quantification of antigen specific human IgE is described. It employs elution of a calculable amount of antigen specific IgE from an allergosorbent antibody complex by means of alkaline pH treatment, followed by measurement of the IgE content of the eluate with a modified radioimmunosirbent test (RIST).With this method IgE antibody directed against the benzylpencilloyl determinant of penicillin (BPO) was measured quantitatively in sera from seven penicillin allergic patients. IgE specific for ragweed antigen E was measured in sera from 33 ragweed allergic patients. Values obtained for IgE anti BPO ranged from 19 to 1806 ng/ml and comprised from 1.3 to 27.5% of total serum IgE. Values of IgE anti antigen E ranged from 9 to 1807 ng/ml, comprising from 3 to 84% of total serum IgE. Excellent correlation (r=0.99; p<0.001) was obtained for both antigen systems between values determined by the RAST elution technique and by simple RAST assay with interpolation from a reference serum of known specific IgE content as determined by the elution technique. This suggests that the RAST elution technique may be needed only for primary standardization of reference sera.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1577-1583
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume115
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1975

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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