Measles vaccine immunogenicity and antibody persistence in 12 vs 15-month old infants

Candice E. Johnson, Anil Darbari, Deepika S. Darbari, David Nalin, Judy Whitwell, Linda W. Chui, Mario A. Cleves, Mary L. Kumar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Hypothesis: Maternal measles immunity in the United States today is primarily vaccine induced, with corresponding lower antibody titers in infants, as compared to infants born in an earlier era to mothers with naturally acquired measles immunity. We hypothesized that, due to lower titer of passively transferred maternal measles antibody, administration of measles vaccine at 12 months of age would result in seroconversion and antibody persistence comparable to vaccination at 15 months of age.Population: Children at both an urban hospital and a suburban clinic.Methods: Informed consent was obtained from mothers for the infants to receive M-M-R®II vaccine at either 12 or 15 months and to have serum samples obtained before vaccination and 4 weeks post-vaccination (PV). Between 9 and 39 months PV, a third serum sample was obtained from 28% of seroconverters. A diary of adverse experiences was kept for 3 weeks PV. Sera were assayed by a microneutralization assay (NT) and an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for measles antibody.Results: Both age groups tolerated vaccination well with minor and transient side effects. Forty-four of 47 (94%) 12-month-old infants seroconverted by NT, compared to 45 of 46 (98%) 15-month-olds (p=NS). There was no statistically significant decline in median NT titers or EIA titers in nineteen 12-month-olds and thirteen 15-month olds followed for 9-39 months PV.Conclusion: This study showed comparable serologic responses in 12- vs 15-month-old infants born to measles vaccine-immune mothers; however, the sample size was too small to have adequate power and further study is indicated. Titers of antibody were constant in both the 12-month-old and the 15-month-old infants, over a 9-39 month period, suggesting that waning immunity over this period of time is not a problem in either age group. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2411-2415
    Number of pages5
    JournalVaccine
    Volume18
    Issue number22
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 2000

    Keywords

    • Measles vaccine
    • Vaccine immunogenicity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Medicine
    • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
    • veterinary(all)
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Infectious Diseases

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