MDCT of acute colitis in adults: An update in current imaging features

M. Barral, M. Boudiaf, A. Dohan, C. Hoeffel, M. Camus, K. Pautrat, Elliot K Fishman, S. Cohen, P. Soyer

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

Abstract

Acute colitis is often diagnosed on multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) because patients with this condition present with abdominal pain and a variety of nonspecific symptoms. Acute colitis has multiple causes with varying degrees of severity. Analysis of the extent of colonic involvement, presence of specific MDCT imaging features and associated signs should help radiologist narrow the diagnosis. Integrating the results of clinical examination and biological tests is mandatory, and in case of ambiguous or nonspecific MDCT findings, endoscopy and colon biopsy should always be considered for a definite diagnosis. The purpose of this review is to discuss and illustrate MDCT features that are helpful for characterizing acute colitis in adults and to provide an update in current MDCT features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-149
Number of pages17
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Acute colitis
  • Colitis
  • Computed tomography
  • Crohn disease
  • Imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Barral, M., Boudiaf, M., Dohan, A., Hoeffel, C., Camus, M., Pautrat, K., Fishman, E. K., Cohen, S., & Soyer, P. (2015). MDCT of acute colitis in adults: An update in current imaging features. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 96(2), 133-149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diii.2014.04.008