In mice treated 24 hrs earlier with pargyline (20 mg/kg i.p), both type A and type B monoamine oxidase (MAO-A and MAO-B) were partially inactivated in brain, heart and liver. The abilities of two short-acting, reversible inhibitors of MAO to antagonize that inactivation were compared. Pretreatment with MD 240928 at doses of 10, 20 or 30 mg/kg i.p. antagonized the inactivation of type B MAO but did not alter the inactivation of type A MAO in all three tissues. In contrast, pretreatment with harmaline at a dose of 10 mg/kg i.p. antagonized the inactivation of type A MAO but did not alter the inactivation of type B MAO. Antagonism of the pargyline-induced inactivation is interpreted as being due to the transient selective inhibition of MAO-A by harmaline and of MAO-B by MD 240928, preventing the mechanism-based inactivation of those enzymes by pargyline. The selective protection by harmaline is in agreement with earlier results with that compound in rats; the selective protection by MD 240928 is the first report of selective protection against MAO-B inactivation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)