The aim of this study was to compare the tumor antigen-specific T-cell repertoire generated by transduced, human dendritic cells (DCs). The transductions were three commonly used antigen delivery procedures: adenovirus (AdV) infection, RNA electroporation, and liposome-mediated protein transfection. The DCs in each experimental group were transfected with similar efficacy and matured using TNF-α, anti-CD40, or lipopolysaccharide. Regardless of the gene transfer method or the maturation stimuli used, the DCs were indistinguishable with regard to surface phenotype and allostimulatory capacity. With the exception of the Adv transduced group, the T cells generated were tumor antigen specific, as characterized by high IFN-gamma production. The T cells generated upon stimulation with DCs subjected to AdV infection, and subsequently treated with TNF-α, exhibited tumor antigen specificity, but accompanied by reduced proliferation and IFNγ production and increased IL-10 production. Moreover, these T cells exerted a suppressive effect on both autologous and allogeneic lymphocytes resembling type 1 regulatory T cells (Tr1). The authors show that mature DCs may induce tumor antigen-specific Tr1 cells by the appearance of high IL-10 and low IL-12. Similar results were also obtained with AdV-infected and TNF-matured DCs regardless of the transgene used. This work supports the conclusion that it can no longer be assumed that mature DCs induce only antitumor reactive T cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - May 2005|
- Tumor necrosis factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research