Matrix metalloproteinase 2 activation of Transforming Growth Factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and TGF-β1-type II receptor signaling within the aged arterial wall

Mingyi Wang, Di Zhao, Gaia Spinetti, Jing Zhang, Li Qun Jiang, Gianfranco Pintus, Robert Monticone, Edward G. Lakatta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - To study matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) effects on transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) activation status and downstream signaling during arterial aging. METHODS AND RESULTS - Western blotting and immunostaining showed that latent and activated TGF-β1 are markedly increased within the aorta of aged Fisher 344 cross-bred Brown Norway (30 months of age) rats compared with adult (8 months of age) rats. Aortic TGF-β1-type II receptor (TβRII), its downstream molecules p-similar to mad-mother against decapentaplegic (SMAD)2/3 and SMAD4, fibronectin, and collagen also increased with age. Moreover, TGF-β1 staining is colocalized with that of activated MMP-2 within the aged arterial wall and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) in vitro, and this physical association was confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation. Incubation of young aortic rings ex vivo or VSMCs in vitro with activated MMP-2 enhanced active TGF-β1, collagen, and fibronectin expression to the level of untreated old counterparts, and this effect was abolished via inhibitors of MMP-2. Interestingly, in old untreated rings or VSMCs, the increased TGF-β1, fibronectin, and collagen were also substantially reduced by inhibition of MMP-2. CONCLUSIONS - Active TGF-β1, its receptor, and receptor-mediated signaling increase within the aortic wall with aging. TGF-β1 activation is dependent, in part at least, by a concomitant age-associated increase in MMP-2 activity. Thus, MMP-2-activated TGF-β1, and subsequently TβRII signaling, is a novel molecular mechanism for arterial aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1503-1509
Number of pages7
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Arterial remodeling
  • Metalloproteinases
  • TGF-β1 signaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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