Matrix-dependent perturbation of TGFβ signaling and disease

Jefferson J. Doyle, Elizabeth E. Gerber, Harry C. Dietz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) is a multipotent cytokine that is sequestered in the extracellular matrix (ECM) through interactions with a number of ECM proteins. The ECM serves to concentrate latent TGFβ at sites of intended function, to influence the bioavailability and/or function of TGFβ activators, and perhaps to regulate the intrinsic performance of cell surface effectors of TGFβ signal propagation. The downstream consequences of TGFβ signaling cascades in turn provide feedback modulation of the ECM. This review covers recent examples of how genetic mutations in constituents of the ECM or TGFβ signaling cascade result in altered ECM homeostasis, cellular performance and ultimately disease, with an emphasis on emerging therapeutic strategies that seek to capitalize on this refined mechanistic understanding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2003-2015
Number of pages13
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume586
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 4 2012

Keywords

  • Extracellular matrix
  • Fibrillin
  • Integrin
  • Marfan syndrome
  • Stiff skin syndrome
  • Transforming growth factor beta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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