Maternal tetanus: Magnitude, epidemiology and potential control measures

V. Fauveau, M. Mamdani, R. Steinglass, M. Koblinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Maternal tetanus, defined as tetanus occurring during pregnancy or within 6 weeks after any type of pregnancy termination, is one of the most easily preventable causes of maternal mortality. It includes postpartum or puerperal tetanus resulting from septic procedures during delivery, postabortal tetanus resulting from septic abortion and tetanus incidental to pregnancy, resulting from any type of wound during pregnancy. This review of published and unpublished hospital and community studies concludes that between 15 000 and 30 000 cases of maternal tetanus occur each year. Complete coverage of reproductive-aged women by tetanus toxoid is the most cost-effective way to eliminate this often neglected cause of maternal death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-12
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1993

Keywords

  • Developing countries
  • Induced abortion
  • Maternal mortality
  • Maternal tetanus
  • Postabortal tetanus
  • Puerperal sepsis
  • Tetanus
  • Tetanus immunization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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