Maternal Hyperphenylalaninemia: Rapid achievement of metabolic control predicts overall control throughout pregnancy

Teresa Martino, Celide Koerner, Gayane Yenokyan, Julie Hoover-Fong, Ada Hamosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Women with hyperphenylalaninemia are at risk of having offspring affected with the maternal phenylketonuria syndrome. Here we analyze the effect of the intervention of a nutritionist on plasma phenylalanine control in Maternal Hyperphenylalaninemia. We analyzed a retrospective cohort of 35 completed pregnancies in 20 women with Maternal Hyperphenylalaninemia who visited the metabolic nutritionist during the pregnancy to achieve metabolic control. Women who promptly achieved metabolic control had lower plasma phenylalanine concentrations for the remainder of the pregnancy when compared to women who did not achieve prompt control, and this difference reached statistical significance. The achievement of plasma phenylalanine concentrations within the desired target range by the time of the second visit to the nutritionist is a strong predictor of the ability to maintain the desired target range of plasma phenylalanine for the remainder of the pregnancy. Furthermore, we demonstrate that phenylalanine tolerance increases significantly by trimester in women with classical and variant hyperphenylalaninemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-8
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular genetics and metabolism
Volume109
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • MPKU
  • Maternal phenylketonuria
  • Phenylalanine
  • Phenylketonuria
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology

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