Fetal brain injury induced by intrauterine inflammation is a major risk factor for adverse neurological outcomes, including cerebral palsy, cognitive dysfunction, and behavioral disabilities. There are no adequate therapies for neuronal protection to reduce fetal brain injury, especially new strategies that may apply promptly and conveniently. In this study, we explored the effect of maternal glucose administration in a mouse model of intrauterine inflammation at term. Our results demonstrated that maternal glucose supplementation significantly increased survival birth rate and improved the neurobehavioral performance of pups exposed to intrauterine inflammation. Furthermore, we demonstrated that maternal glucose administration improved myelination and oligodendrocyte development in offspring exposed to intrauterine inflammation. Though the maternal blood glucose concentration was temporally prevented from decrease induced by intrauterine inflammation, the glucose concentration in fetal brain was not recovered by maternal glucose supplementation. The adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level and autophagy in fetal brain were regulated by maternal glucose supplementation, which may prevent dysregulation of cellular metabolism. Our study is the first to provide evidence for the role of maternal glucose supplementation in the cell survival of fetal brain during intrauterine inflammation and further support the possible medication with maternal glucose treatment.
- fetal brain injury
- intrauterine inflammation
- maternal glucose supplementation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology