Marijuana use and physical dating violence among adolescents and emerging adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Renee M Johnson, Michael LaValley, Kristin E. Schneider, Rashelle Jean Musci, Kayley Pettoruto, Emily F. Rothman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Background As restrictions on marijuana are loosened, there is concern of a coming increase in marijuana use among adolescents and emerging adults, which could be coupled with commensurate increases in behavioral problems associated with use, such as physical dating violence (PDV). To summarize what is known about the association between marijuana use and PDV victimization and perpetration among 11–21 year olds, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the relevant literature published between 2003 and 2015. Methods Candidate articles were identified with a systematic search, and we used inclusion and exclusion criteria to review titles, abstracts, and the full text of studies for consideration. There were 13 articles examining marijuana in association with PDV; five addressed victimization and 11 addressed perpetration. Results Findings suggest that marijuana use is associated with a 54% increase in the odds PDV victimization, and a 45% increase in the odds of perpetration. Conclusions Findings suggest that dating violence is a correlate of marijuana use, and that association is strongest among adolescents (vs. emerging adults) and girls (vs. boys). Therefore, it should be routinely included as a core data item in marijuana surveillance systems, so as to allow for behavioral monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-57
Number of pages11
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume174
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Fingerprint

Cannabis
Meta-Analysis
Crime Victims
Physical Abuse
Intimate Partner Violence
Violence
Monitoring

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Dating violence/partner violence
  • Emerging adults
  • Marijuana/cannabis
  • Meta-analysis
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Marijuana use and physical dating violence among adolescents and emerging adults : A systematic review and meta-analysis. / Johnson, Renee M; LaValley, Michael; Schneider, Kristin E.; Musci, Rashelle Jean; Pettoruto, Kayley; Rothman, Emily F.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 174, 01.05.2017, p. 47-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{f75959943bdc43bfa0456a1708dba7d4,
title = "Marijuana use and physical dating violence among adolescents and emerging adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis",
abstract = "Background As restrictions on marijuana are loosened, there is concern of a coming increase in marijuana use among adolescents and emerging adults, which could be coupled with commensurate increases in behavioral problems associated with use, such as physical dating violence (PDV). To summarize what is known about the association between marijuana use and PDV victimization and perpetration among 11–21 year olds, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the relevant literature published between 2003 and 2015. Methods Candidate articles were identified with a systematic search, and we used inclusion and exclusion criteria to review titles, abstracts, and the full text of studies for consideration. There were 13 articles examining marijuana in association with PDV; five addressed victimization and 11 addressed perpetration. Results Findings suggest that marijuana use is associated with a 54{\%} increase in the odds PDV victimization, and a 45{\%} increase in the odds of perpetration. Conclusions Findings suggest that dating violence is a correlate of marijuana use, and that association is strongest among adolescents (vs. emerging adults) and girls (vs. boys). Therefore, it should be routinely included as a core data item in marijuana surveillance systems, so as to allow for behavioral monitoring.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Dating violence/partner violence, Emerging adults, Marijuana/cannabis, Meta-analysis, Systematic review",
author = "Johnson, {Renee M} and Michael LaValley and Schneider, {Kristin E.} and Musci, {Rashelle Jean} and Kayley Pettoruto and Rothman, {Emily F.}",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.01.012",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "174",
pages = "47--57",
journal = "Drug and Alcohol Dependence",
issn = "0376-8716",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Marijuana use and physical dating violence among adolescents and emerging adults

T2 - A systematic review and meta-analysis

AU - Johnson, Renee M

AU - LaValley, Michael

AU - Schneider, Kristin E.

AU - Musci, Rashelle Jean

AU - Pettoruto, Kayley

AU - Rothman, Emily F.

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - Background As restrictions on marijuana are loosened, there is concern of a coming increase in marijuana use among adolescents and emerging adults, which could be coupled with commensurate increases in behavioral problems associated with use, such as physical dating violence (PDV). To summarize what is known about the association between marijuana use and PDV victimization and perpetration among 11–21 year olds, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the relevant literature published between 2003 and 2015. Methods Candidate articles were identified with a systematic search, and we used inclusion and exclusion criteria to review titles, abstracts, and the full text of studies for consideration. There were 13 articles examining marijuana in association with PDV; five addressed victimization and 11 addressed perpetration. Results Findings suggest that marijuana use is associated with a 54% increase in the odds PDV victimization, and a 45% increase in the odds of perpetration. Conclusions Findings suggest that dating violence is a correlate of marijuana use, and that association is strongest among adolescents (vs. emerging adults) and girls (vs. boys). Therefore, it should be routinely included as a core data item in marijuana surveillance systems, so as to allow for behavioral monitoring.

AB - Background As restrictions on marijuana are loosened, there is concern of a coming increase in marijuana use among adolescents and emerging adults, which could be coupled with commensurate increases in behavioral problems associated with use, such as physical dating violence (PDV). To summarize what is known about the association between marijuana use and PDV victimization and perpetration among 11–21 year olds, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the relevant literature published between 2003 and 2015. Methods Candidate articles were identified with a systematic search, and we used inclusion and exclusion criteria to review titles, abstracts, and the full text of studies for consideration. There were 13 articles examining marijuana in association with PDV; five addressed victimization and 11 addressed perpetration. Results Findings suggest that marijuana use is associated with a 54% increase in the odds PDV victimization, and a 45% increase in the odds of perpetration. Conclusions Findings suggest that dating violence is a correlate of marijuana use, and that association is strongest among adolescents (vs. emerging adults) and girls (vs. boys). Therefore, it should be routinely included as a core data item in marijuana surveillance systems, so as to allow for behavioral monitoring.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Dating violence/partner violence

KW - Emerging adults

KW - Marijuana/cannabis

KW - Meta-analysis

KW - Systematic review

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85015156834&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85015156834&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.01.012

DO - 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.01.012

M3 - Review article

C2 - 28314193

AN - SCOPUS:85015156834

VL - 174

SP - 47

EP - 57

JO - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

JF - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

SN - 0376-8716

ER -