Southern analysis has shown that DNA from 25% of primary estrogen receptor (ER) α -negative breast tumors displays aberrant methylation at one site within the ER gene CpG island. To examine more sites and increase sensitivity, we developed a methylation-specific PCR assay to map methylation of the entire ER CpG island. The island was unmethylated in normal breast tissue and ER-positive breast cancer cell lines, but extensively methylated in all ER-negative cell lines and breast tumors examined. In addition, some of the ER-positive/progesterone receptor-negative and ER- positive/progesterone receptor-positive tumors (about 70% and 35%, respectively) displayed methylation of the ER CpG island, suggesting that this heterogeneity within tumor cell populations could potentially shed light on the etiology of ER-negative recurrent tumors arising from ER-positive tumors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jun 15 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research