Background: Preprocedural 3-dimensional CT imaging of the aortic annular plane plays a critical role for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) planning; however, manual reconstructions are complex. Automated analysis software may improve reproducibility and agreement between readers but is incompletely validated. Methods: In 110 TAVR patients (mean age, 81years; 37% female) undergoing preprocedural multidetector CT, automated reconstruction of the aortic annular plane and planimetry of the annulus was performed with a prototype of now commercially available software (syngo.CT Cardiac Function-Valve Pilot; Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen, Germany). Fully automated, semiautomated, and manual annulus measurements were compared. Intrareader and inter-reader agreement, intermodality agreement, and interchangeability were analyzed. Finally, the impact of these measurements on recommended valve size was evaluated. Results: Semiautomated analysis required major correction in 5 patients (4.5%). In the remaining 95.5%, only minor correction was performed. Mean manual annulus area was significantly smaller than fully automated results (P <.001 for both readers) but similar to semiautomated measurements (5.0 vs 5.4 vs 4.9cm2, respectively). The frequency of concordant recommendations for valve size increased if manual analysis was replaced with the semiautomated method (60% agreement was improved to 82.4%; 95% confidence interval for the difference [69.1%-83.4%]). Conclusions: Semiautomated aortic annulus analysis, with minor correction by the user, provides reliable results in the context of TAVR annulus evaluation.
- Aortic annulus
- Aortic stenosis
- Computed tomography
- Semi-automated analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging