Heavy metals enter the aquatic environment and accumulate within water sediments, but these metal-sediment interactions remain to be explored within toxicity studies. We developed an exposure model in mice that encapsulates the aquatic microenvironment of metals before exposure. Male and female C57/BL6 mice were exposed via their drinking water to manganese contaminated sediment (Sed_Mn) or to manganese without sediment interaction (Mn) for six weeks. Sediment interaction did not alter weekly manganese ingestion from water in males or females. We analyzed motor impairment, a common feature in manganese-induced Parkinsonism, using the beam traversal, cylinder, and accelerating rotarod tests. Sed_Mn mice performed better overall compared to Mn mice and males were more sensitive to manganese than females in both Sed_Mn and Mn treatment groups. Our study indicates that metal-sediment interactions may alter metal toxicity in mammals and introduces a new exposure model to test the toxicity of metal contaminants of drinking water.
- Behavior toxicity
- Geologic sediments
- Heavy metals toxicity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis