Management of vocal paralysis: A comparison of adult and pediatric practices

Stacey L. Ishman, Stacey L. Halum, Nalin J. Patel, Joseph E. Kerschner, Albert L. Merati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To compare practices of the American Broncho-Esophagological Association (ABEA) membership regarding the evaluation and management of unilateral vocal fold motion impairment (UVFMI) in adult versus pediatric populations. Study design and setting: An 18-item adult survey and 16-item pediatric survey were administered to ABEA members. Results: Seventy-six adult (31%) and 35 pediatric surveys (43%) were completed. Key differences are highlighted. With respect to etiology, the most common reported childhood cause is idiopathic; adults more often suffer iatrogenic paralysis. Children more commonly experience reflux disease, feeding difficulties, and choking. Preferred testing involves flexible laryngoscopy and chest x-ray; however, laboratory tests are carried out less often in children (51% vs 71%) and medical intervention is advocated by fewer pediatric practitioners (39% vs 57%). Conclusion: Significant disparities exist in the etiology, presenting symptoms, diagnostic testing, and medical treatment between children and adults with UVFMI. Significance: Clinicians' perceptions regarding UVFMI may reflect the differing impact of vocal paralysis in the pediatric versus adult populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)590-594.e4
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume135
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Management of vocal paralysis: A comparison of adult and pediatric practices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Ishman, S. L., Halum, S. L., Patel, N. J., Kerschner, J. E., & Merati, A. L. (2006). Management of vocal paralysis: A comparison of adult and pediatric practices. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 135(4), 590-594.e4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.otohns.2006.04.014