Management of osteonecrosis of the femoral Head: An Up-To-Date analysis of operative trends

N. Sodhi, A. Acuna, J. Etcheson, N. Mohamed, I. Davila, J. O. Ehiorobo, L. C. Jones, R. E. Delanois, M. A. Mont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims Earlier studies dealing with trends in the management of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) identified an increasing rate of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) and a decreasing rate of joint-preserving procedures between 1992 and 2008. In an effort to assess new trends in the management of this condition, this study evaluated the annual trends of joint-preserving versus arthroplasties for patients aged < or > 50 years old, and the incidence of specific operative management techniques. Methods A total of 219,371 patients with ONFH were identified from a nationwide database between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2015. The mean age was 54 years (18 to 90) and 105,298 (48%) were female. The diagnosis was made using International Classification of Disease, Ninth revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) and Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) procedure codes. The percentage of patients managed using each procedure during each year was calculated and compared between years. The trends in the use of the types of procedure were also evaluated. Results The rate of joint-preserving procedures was significantly higher in patients aged < 50 years compared with those aged > 50 years (4.93% vs 1.52%; p < 0.001). For the overall cohort, rates of arthroplasty were far greater than those for joint-preserving procedures. THA was the most commonly performed procedure (291,114; 94.03%), while osteotomy (3,598; 1.16%), partial arthroplasty (9,171; 2.96%), core decompression (1,200; 0.39%), and bone graft (3,026; 0.98%) were performed markedly less frequently. The annual percentage of patients managed using a THA (93.56% to 89.52%; p < 0.001), resurfacing (1.22% to 0.19%; p < 0.001), and osteotomy (1.31% to 1.05%; p < 0.001) also decreased during the study period. Conclusion We found that patients with ONFH have been most commonly managed with non-joint- preserving procedures. Our findings provide valuable insight into the current management of this condition and should increase efforts being made to save the hip joint.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-128
Number of pages7
JournalBone and Joint Journal
Volume102-B
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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    Sodhi, N., Acuna, A., Etcheson, J., Mohamed, N., Davila, I., Ehiorobo, J. O., Jones, L. C., Delanois, R. E., & Mont, M. A. (2020). Management of osteonecrosis of the femoral Head: An Up-To-Date analysis of operative trends. Bone and Joint Journal, 102-B(7), 122-128. https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.102B7.BJJ-2019-1611.R1