Objective To describe the experience regarding the perioperative management of patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) who require anesthesia while undergoing noncardiac surgery (NCS) at a single medical center. Design Retrospective chart review Setting Academic medical center Participants Patients with LVADs Interventions Medical records from April 1, 2009 through January 31, 2014 were reviewed for patients who underwent Heartmate II LVAD placement at this facility. Individual records were reviewed for NCS after LVAD placement, specifically investigating perioperative and anesthetic management. Measurements and Main Results Seventy-one patients underwent LVAD placement during this time period. Thirty-five patients (49%) underwent a total of 101 NCS procedures. Arterial catheters were placed in 19 patients (19%), and 33 patients (33%) were intubated for their procedure. No complications or perioperative mortality occurred related to the NCS. Conclusions Noncardiac surgery is becoming more common in patients with LVADs. Anesthetic management of these patients outside of the cardiac operating room is limited. Patients with Heartmate II LVADs can safely undergo noncardiac surgery.
- Key Words left ventricular assist device
- heart failure
- noncardiac surgery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine