Management of Intermittent and Persistent Asthma in Adolescent and High School Athletes

Stefano del Giacco, Mariana Couto, Davide Firinu, Vanessa Garcia-Larsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Asthma is the most common chronic condition during childhood and adolescence, affecting an estimated 8% of children and youngsters below 18 years in the United States and the United Kingdom. In adolescent athletes, asthma-like symptoms may represent a common consequence of regular sport practice. Asthma in young athletes poses several challenges, including the ambiguity of definitions and diagnosis of asthma resulting from exercise-induced symptoms, the best pharmacological treatments, and the nonpharmacological options for the management of disease and the challenges inherent to this age group. At a time when the regular practice of sports is increasingly being recommended for a healthy living, the support network around the young athletes is crucial to reduce the impact of asthma on their physical and emotional well-being. In this review, we examine the main issues around the definitions and clinical differentiations of asthma in young sport athletes. We discuss best practice approaches to improve the adherence to the clinical management, including nonpharmacological strategies directed at the family and trainers of athlete adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2166-2181
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Asthma
  • Athlete
  • Clinical management
  • EIB
  • EIBa
  • Sports
  • Young

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy

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