Management of hyperkalemia in dialysis patients

Nirupama Putcha, Michael Allon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hyperkalemia is common in patients with end-stage renal disease, and may result in serious electrocardiographic abnormalities. Dialysis is the definitive treatment of hyperkalemia in these patients. Intravenous calcium is used to stabilize the myocardium. Intravenous insulin and nebulized albuterol lower serum potassium acutely, by shifting it into the cells. Despite their widespread use, neither intravenous bicarbonate nor cation exchange resins are effective in lowering serum potassium acutely. Prevention of hyperkalemia currently rests largely upon dietary compliance and avoidance of medications that may promote hyperkalemia. Prolonged fasting may provoke hyperkalemia, which can be prevented by administration of intravenous dextrose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-439
Number of pages9
JournalSeminars in Dialysis
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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