Management of brain injury after cardiac arrest

Karen G. Hirsch, Matthew A. Koenig, Romergryko Geocadin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cardiac arrest survivors are commonly admitted to an intensive care unit. Neurologic complications of cardiac arrest lead to significant morbidity in survivors. Advances in resuscitative efforts have led to an increase in the number of people who survive cardiac arrest, with a resultant increase in survivors suffering from postanoxic encephalopathy. The focus of resuscitation has shifted to emphasize interventions that restore adequate systemic circulation and those that will ameliorate brain injury after cardiac arrest resuscitation. Recent data about therapeutic hypothermia and other interventions have led to a shift in the role of the neurologist caring for these patients to promote more aggressive management of neurologic complications, including coma, encephalopathy, seizures and myoclonus, elevated intracranial pressure, and metabolic derangements. This chapter will review the neurologic complications of cardiac arrest and focus on the role of the neurologist in the management of such complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-120
Number of pages21
JournalCONTINUUM Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Heart Arrest
Brain Injuries
Nervous System
Survivors
Brain Diseases
Resuscitation
Induced Hypothermia
Myoclonus
Intracranial Hypertension
Coma
Intensive Care Units
Seizures
Morbidity
Neurologists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Management of brain injury after cardiac arrest. / Hirsch, Karen G.; Koenig, Matthew A.; Geocadin, Romergryko.

In: CONTINUUM Lifelong Learning in Neurology, Vol. 15, No. 3, 06.2009, p. 100-120.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hirsch, Karen G. ; Koenig, Matthew A. ; Geocadin, Romergryko. / Management of brain injury after cardiac arrest. In: CONTINUUM Lifelong Learning in Neurology. 2009 ; Vol. 15, No. 3. pp. 100-120.
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