Management and outcome of pneumothoraces in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus

R. Joan H. Ingram, Stephanie Call, Adriana Andrade, Charles White, David Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Abstract

To better understand the natural history, management, and outcome of pneumothoraces in HIV-infected patients, we reviewed hospital charts and chest radiographs of HIV-infected adults discharged from the University of Maryland Medical Center over a 6-year period. Sixty pneumothoraces occurred in 39 patients. Twenty-three pneumothoraces resulted from trauma and 37 were spontaneous. Thirty-two (86%) of the spontaneous pneumothoraces occurred in patients with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). Eighty percent of the traumatic pneumothoraces in patients who did not have PCP resolved. Patients who had pneumothorax as well as PCP were more difficult to manage and had a poorer outcome (50% mortality) than those who did not have PCP (25% mortality).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)624-627
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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