We describe an ankle tumor arising in a 16-year-old girl. The tumor demonstrated histology typical of a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST), but exhibited a variant form of the (X;18) translocation associated with synovial sarcoma. Immunohistochemical stains were positive for vimentin, CD57, collagen type IV, and Bcl-2. Routine and molecular cytogenetic studies showed an unbalanced 3-way chromosomal translocation that involved chromosomes X, 18, and 1. Electron microscopic findings were noncontributory. This unusual tumor raises the following questions and possibilities: (1) As the t(X;18) suggests, could this tumor be a monophasic synovial sarcoma with the histologic features of an MPNST? (2) Or, as the histology suggests, is this tumor an MPNST that has a t(X;18)? (3) Finally, could MPNST histology, a t(X;18), and no defining immunohistochemical or electron microscopic features represent an as yet unrecognized part of a spectrum that spans from synovial sarcoma to MPNST or other spindle cell tumors?
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine|
|State||Published - Jul 3 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology