Making the connection between zoning and health disparities

Lauren M. Rossen, Keshia Pollack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A top priority of the federal government's Healthy People initiative is to address inequalities and injustices, and to eliminate disparities by race and ethnicity, education, income, and geographic location. Unfortunately, progress toward this goal has been minimal, and low-income and some racial and ethnic minority groups remain more likely to suffer from a variety of diseases and health risks. Inequalities in the built and social environments underlie many of the socioeconomic and racial and ethnic disparities in health risks and outcomes. Zoning is the primary tool used in the U.S. to control land use; zoning plays a predominant role in creating and maintaining built environments. The reliance on outdated zoning codes has helped contribute to various environmental injustices and inequalities. Zoning policies have been suggested as one potentially useful tool to make communities more conducive to health, and to more equitably distribute opportunities and risks to health. Effective zoning policy has the potential to not only address the issues of dietary intake, physical activity, and related chronic diseases, but also to ameliorate several other public health problems such as exposure to environmental hazards, intentional and unintentional injury, substance use and abuse, access to health care and health disparities. This article reviews the role of zoning as a determinant of various public health problems such as chronic diseases and health disparities, and as a policy tool to address these public health issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-127
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Justice
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Fingerprint

zoning
zoning policy
public health
Health
health
health risk
Public Health
income
health and disease
minority group
physical activity
ethnic minority
Disease
environmental hazard
Chronic Disease
ethnicity
Healthcare Disparities
health care
Geographic Locations
Minority Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Making the connection between zoning and health disparities. / Rossen, Lauren M.; Pollack, Keshia.

In: Environmental Justice, Vol. 5, No. 3, 01.06.2012, p. 119-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3b2201b93c284414b332e1ae82c7fb0d,
title = "Making the connection between zoning and health disparities",
abstract = "A top priority of the federal government's Healthy People initiative is to address inequalities and injustices, and to eliminate disparities by race and ethnicity, education, income, and geographic location. Unfortunately, progress toward this goal has been minimal, and low-income and some racial and ethnic minority groups remain more likely to suffer from a variety of diseases and health risks. Inequalities in the built and social environments underlie many of the socioeconomic and racial and ethnic disparities in health risks and outcomes. Zoning is the primary tool used in the U.S. to control land use; zoning plays a predominant role in creating and maintaining built environments. The reliance on outdated zoning codes has helped contribute to various environmental injustices and inequalities. Zoning policies have been suggested as one potentially useful tool to make communities more conducive to health, and to more equitably distribute opportunities and risks to health. Effective zoning policy has the potential to not only address the issues of dietary intake, physical activity, and related chronic diseases, but also to ameliorate several other public health problems such as exposure to environmental hazards, intentional and unintentional injury, substance use and abuse, access to health care and health disparities. This article reviews the role of zoning as a determinant of various public health problems such as chronic diseases and health disparities, and as a policy tool to address these public health issues.",
author = "Rossen, {Lauren M.} and Keshia Pollack",
year = "2012",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1089/env.2011.0037",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "119--127",
journal = "Environmental Justice",
issn = "1939-4071",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Making the connection between zoning and health disparities

AU - Rossen, Lauren M.

AU - Pollack, Keshia

PY - 2012/6/1

Y1 - 2012/6/1

N2 - A top priority of the federal government's Healthy People initiative is to address inequalities and injustices, and to eliminate disparities by race and ethnicity, education, income, and geographic location. Unfortunately, progress toward this goal has been minimal, and low-income and some racial and ethnic minority groups remain more likely to suffer from a variety of diseases and health risks. Inequalities in the built and social environments underlie many of the socioeconomic and racial and ethnic disparities in health risks and outcomes. Zoning is the primary tool used in the U.S. to control land use; zoning plays a predominant role in creating and maintaining built environments. The reliance on outdated zoning codes has helped contribute to various environmental injustices and inequalities. Zoning policies have been suggested as one potentially useful tool to make communities more conducive to health, and to more equitably distribute opportunities and risks to health. Effective zoning policy has the potential to not only address the issues of dietary intake, physical activity, and related chronic diseases, but also to ameliorate several other public health problems such as exposure to environmental hazards, intentional and unintentional injury, substance use and abuse, access to health care and health disparities. This article reviews the role of zoning as a determinant of various public health problems such as chronic diseases and health disparities, and as a policy tool to address these public health issues.

AB - A top priority of the federal government's Healthy People initiative is to address inequalities and injustices, and to eliminate disparities by race and ethnicity, education, income, and geographic location. Unfortunately, progress toward this goal has been minimal, and low-income and some racial and ethnic minority groups remain more likely to suffer from a variety of diseases and health risks. Inequalities in the built and social environments underlie many of the socioeconomic and racial and ethnic disparities in health risks and outcomes. Zoning is the primary tool used in the U.S. to control land use; zoning plays a predominant role in creating and maintaining built environments. The reliance on outdated zoning codes has helped contribute to various environmental injustices and inequalities. Zoning policies have been suggested as one potentially useful tool to make communities more conducive to health, and to more equitably distribute opportunities and risks to health. Effective zoning policy has the potential to not only address the issues of dietary intake, physical activity, and related chronic diseases, but also to ameliorate several other public health problems such as exposure to environmental hazards, intentional and unintentional injury, substance use and abuse, access to health care and health disparities. This article reviews the role of zoning as a determinant of various public health problems such as chronic diseases and health disparities, and as a policy tool to address these public health issues.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862861674&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862861674&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1089/env.2011.0037

DO - 10.1089/env.2011.0037

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84862861674

VL - 5

SP - 119

EP - 127

JO - Environmental Justice

JF - Environmental Justice

SN - 1939-4071

IS - 3

ER -