Major surface protein 2 of Anaplasma phagocytophilum facilitates adherence to granulocytes

Jinho Park, Kyoung Seong Choi, J. Stephen Dumler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anaplasma phagocytophilum is an obligate intracellular bacterium that infects myeloid cells in the mammalian host. Msp2 (p44) is the major immunodominant outer-membrane protein of these bacteria. We hypothesized that Msp2 acts as an adhesin for A. phagocytophilum entry into granulocytes. This potential role was investigated by blocking binding with Msp2 monoclonal antibodies and by antagonizing binding and propagation with recombinant Msp2 (rMsp2) in vitro. With HL-60 cells, fresh human peripheral blood neutrophils, and a cell line devoid of the fucosylated platelet selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1) receptor for A. phagocytophilum or one that was transfected to express this ligand, Msp2 monoclonal antibody and rMsp2 used as the antagonist caused concentration-dependent reductions in bacterial adhesion (P < 0.007 and P < 0.02, respectively) and propagation (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001), although inhibition of adhesion or propagation was moderate and incomplete. Likewise, rMsp2 bound to surfaces of the transfected cell at a level similar to that of extracellular A. phagocytophilum and significantly (P < 0.05) beyond that of nontransfected cells. Moreover, a dose-dependent reduction (P < 0.019) in PSGL-1 monoclonal antibody binding to HL-60 cells was elicited with rMsp2. We conclude that Msp2s of A. phagocytophilum are involved in bacterial adhesion to ligands on host myeloid cells before intracellular infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4018-4025
Number of pages8
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume71
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Major surface protein 2 of Anaplasma phagocytophilum facilitates adherence to granulocytes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this