Maintenance of bowel, bladder, and motor functions after sacrectomy

Dane Moran, Patricia L. Zadnik, Tessa Taylor, Mari Groves, Alp Yurter, Jean Paul Wolinsky, Timothy F Witham, Ali Bydon, Ziya L. Gokaslan, Daniel Sciubba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background context Repeated cohort studies have consistently demonstrated a survival advantage after en bloc resection for locally aggressive primary tumors in the sacrum. A sacrectomy is often required to remove the tumor en bloc, which may necessitate the sacrifice of sacral nerves. This can potentially result in functional complications, including the impairment of gait, bowel function, or bladder function. Purpose To assess the bladder, bowel, and motor functions of patients after resection of a primary sacral tumor. Study design This was a retrospective cohort study at a single academic institution. Patient sample Consecutive patients who underwent an en bloc sacral tumor resection at a single institution between December 2002 and June 2012 were included. The study population comprised 73 patients. Outcome measures Patients were classified as having had a low, middle, high, or total sacrectomy based on the level of sacral nerves sacrificed, if applicable. Methods Patient data were collected from clinic notes and hospital records that included operative notes, lab studies, and rehabilitation notes. Results Across all patients, there was no change in bowel function after sacrectomy, whereas bladder and motor functions returned to preoperative (pre-op) levels at 3 and 6 months, respectively. Higher level sacrectomies were associated with worse bowel (p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-229
Number of pages8
JournalSpine Journal
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

Fingerprint

Urinary Bladder
Maintenance
Neoplasms
Cohort Studies
Sacrum
Hospital Records
Gait
Rehabilitation
Retrospective Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Survival
Population

Keywords

  • Bladder
  • Bowel
  • Chordoma
  • Sacrectomy
  • Spine
  • Surgery
  • Tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Maintenance of bowel, bladder, and motor functions after sacrectomy. / Moran, Dane; Zadnik, Patricia L.; Taylor, Tessa; Groves, Mari; Yurter, Alp; Wolinsky, Jean Paul; Witham, Timothy F; Bydon, Ali; Gokaslan, Ziya L.; Sciubba, Daniel.

In: Spine Journal, Vol. 15, No. 2, 01.02.2015, p. 222-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moran, Dane ; Zadnik, Patricia L. ; Taylor, Tessa ; Groves, Mari ; Yurter, Alp ; Wolinsky, Jean Paul ; Witham, Timothy F ; Bydon, Ali ; Gokaslan, Ziya L. ; Sciubba, Daniel. / Maintenance of bowel, bladder, and motor functions after sacrectomy. In: Spine Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 15, No. 2. pp. 222-229.
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