Image reconstruction of tagged cardiac MR images using complementary spatial modulation of magnetization (CSPAMM) requires the subtraction of two complex datasets to remove the untagged signal. Although the resultant images typically have sharper and more persistent tags than images formed without complementary tagging pulses, handling the complex data is problematic and tag contrast still degrades significantly during diastole. This article presents a magnitude image CSPAMM reconstruction (MICSR) method that is simple to implement and produces images with improved contrast and tag persistence. The MICSR method uses only magnitude images - i.e., no complex data - but yields tags with zero mean, sinusoidal profiles. A trinary display of MICSR images emphasizes their long tag persistence and demonstrates a novel way to visualize myocardial deformation. MICSR contrast and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) were evaluated using simulations, a phantom, and two normal volunteers. Tag contrast 1000 msec after the R wave trigger was 3.0 times better with MICSR than with traditional CSPAMM reconstruction techniques, while CNRs were 2.0 times better.
- Magnetic resonance tagging
- Myocardial motion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging