Purpose: To test the feasibility of performing magnetic resonance (MR)-guided trans-septal punctures in the swine heart. Materials and Methods: All procedures were performed in a 1.5-T MR scanner. A novel, active MR intravascular needle system was utilized for needle tracking and septal punctures. Trans-septal punctures were performed in five swine using electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated high resolution and non-ECG-gated, real-time MR imaging techniques. The intravascular needle was advanced over a guidewire from the femoral vein. Once the needle was in proper position, transseptal punctures were made. Results: Active tracking of the needle traversing the septum was possible. The location of the catheter tip was confirmed using real time gradient recalled echo (GRE). After a confirmatory ventriculogram with gadolinium-DTPA, a 0.014-inch guidewire was advanced into the left atrium and left ventricle. All punctures were made with no change in cardiac rhythm or rate; postmortem analysis was performed on all animals and demonstrated that 18/19 (95%) punctures were directly through the fossa ovalis. Conclusion: : Using only MR guidance and a novel active intravascular needle system, we were able to repeatedly puncture the fossa ovalis in a swine heart from a transfemoral approach, with direct visualization of all components, including the needle, the atria, the fossa ovalis, and the surrounding vasculature.
- MR guided
- Magnetic resonance Imaging
- Trans-septal catheterization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging