Recent advances in magnet design and magnetic resonance (MR) system technology coupled with the development of fast gradient-echo pulse sequences have contributed to the increasing interest in interventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic image-based intervention can now be performed under near real-time MR guidance, taking advantage of the high tissue contrast, spatial resolution, vascular conspicuity and multiplanar capabilities of MRI to achieve safe and precise needle placement. This is particularly advantageous for needle navigation in regions of complex anatomy, such as the suprahyoid neck. This article discusses the theoretical concepts and clinical applications of MR for guidance for biopsy and aspiration, and highlights the technical developments that provide the foundation for interventional MRI.
- Image-guided biopsy
- Magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging