Background. This study aims to compare the outcome of macular hole (MH) surgery with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling facilitated by two different vital dyes. Methods. This was a retrospective chart review. The group designated "group-MB" underwent pars plana vitrectomy with ILM peeling facilitated by Membrane-Blue (MB), whereas in "group-MBD," the vital dye used was Membrane-Blue-Dual (MBD). Results. Seventy-four eyes comprised the study population: 53 in group-MB and 21 in group-MBD. There was no difference in the rate of macular hole closure in group-MB or group-MBD: 71.2% closed MHs compared to 66.7%, respectively (p=0.7). Postoperative visual improvement was of a higher magnitude in the MBD group compared to the MB group: -0.34±0.81 logMAR versus 0.01±0.06 logMAR, respectively (p=0.003). Conclusions. In this study, MBD led to better visual results that may be related to better staining characteristics or lesser toxicity compared to MB.
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