Macular edema after cataract surgery in eyes without preoperative central-involved diabetic macular edema

Carl W. Baker, Talat Almukhtar, Neil M Bressler, Adam R. Glassman, Sandeep Grover, Stephen J. Kim, Timothy J. Murtha, Michael E. Rauser, Cynthia Stockdale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Importance The incidence of development or worsening of macular edema (ME) is variable in eyes without diabetic ME (DME) undergoing cataract surgery. OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of central-involved ME 16 weeks following cataract surgery in eyes with diabetic retinopathy without definite central-involved DME preoperatively. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In a multicenter, prospective, observational study, 293 participants with diabetic retinopathy without definite central subfield thickening on optical coherence tomography (OCT) underwent cataract surgery. EXPOSURE Cataract extraction surgery performed within 28 days of enrollment of eyes without DME in individuals with diabetes mellitus. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Development of central-involved ME defined as the following: (1) OCT central subfield thickness of 250 ?m or greater (time-domain OCT) or 310 ?m or greater (spectral-domain OCT) with at least a 1-step increase in logOCT central subfield thickness preoperatively to the 16-week visit; (2) at least a 2-step increase in logOCT central subfield thickness preoperatively to the 16-week visit; or (3) nontopical treatment forME received before the 16-week visit with either of the OCT criteria met at the time of treatment. RESULTS The median participant age was 65 years. The median visual acuity letter score was 69 letters (Snellen equivalent 20/40). Forty-four percent of eyes had a history of treatment for DME. Sixteen weeks postoperatively, central-involved ME was noted in 0% (95%CI, 0%-20%) of 17 eyes with no preoperative DME. Of eyes with non-central-involved DME, 10% (95%CI, 5%-18%) of 97 eyes without central-involved DME and 12%(95%CI, 7%-19%) of 147 eyes with possible central-involved DME at baseline progressed to central-involved ME. History of DME treatment was significantly associated with central-involved ME development (P <.001). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In eyes with diabetic retinopathy without concurrent central-involved DME, presence of non-central-involved DME immediately prior to cataract surgery or history of DME treatment may increase the risk of developing central-involved ME 16 weeks after cataract extraction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)870-879
Number of pages10
JournalJAMA Ophthalmology
Volume131
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

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Macular Edema
Cataract
Optical Coherence Tomography
Diabetic Retinopathy
Cataract Extraction
Incidence
Visual Acuity
Observational Studies
Diabetes Mellitus
Prospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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Macular edema after cataract surgery in eyes without preoperative central-involved diabetic macular edema. / Baker, Carl W.; Almukhtar, Talat; Bressler, Neil M; Glassman, Adam R.; Grover, Sandeep; Kim, Stephen J.; Murtha, Timothy J.; Rauser, Michael E.; Stockdale, Cynthia.

In: JAMA Ophthalmology, Vol. 131, No. 7, 07.2013, p. 870-879.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baker, CW, Almukhtar, T, Bressler, NM, Glassman, AR, Grover, S, Kim, SJ, Murtha, TJ, Rauser, ME & Stockdale, C 2013, 'Macular edema after cataract surgery in eyes without preoperative central-involved diabetic macular edema', JAMA Ophthalmology, vol. 131, no. 7, pp. 870-879. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.2313
Baker, Carl W. ; Almukhtar, Talat ; Bressler, Neil M ; Glassman, Adam R. ; Grover, Sandeep ; Kim, Stephen J. ; Murtha, Timothy J. ; Rauser, Michael E. ; Stockdale, Cynthia. / Macular edema after cataract surgery in eyes without preoperative central-involved diabetic macular edema. In: JAMA Ophthalmology. 2013 ; Vol. 131, No. 7. pp. 870-879.
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abstract = "Importance The incidence of development or worsening of macular edema (ME) is variable in eyes without diabetic ME (DME) undergoing cataract surgery. OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of central-involved ME 16 weeks following cataract surgery in eyes with diabetic retinopathy without definite central-involved DME preoperatively. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In a multicenter, prospective, observational study, 293 participants with diabetic retinopathy without definite central subfield thickening on optical coherence tomography (OCT) underwent cataract surgery. EXPOSURE Cataract extraction surgery performed within 28 days of enrollment of eyes without DME in individuals with diabetes mellitus. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Development of central-involved ME defined as the following: (1) OCT central subfield thickness of 250 ?m or greater (time-domain OCT) or 310 ?m or greater (spectral-domain OCT) with at least a 1-step increase in logOCT central subfield thickness preoperatively to the 16-week visit; (2) at least a 2-step increase in logOCT central subfield thickness preoperatively to the 16-week visit; or (3) nontopical treatment forME received before the 16-week visit with either of the OCT criteria met at the time of treatment. RESULTS The median participant age was 65 years. The median visual acuity letter score was 69 letters (Snellen equivalent 20/40). Forty-four percent of eyes had a history of treatment for DME. Sixteen weeks postoperatively, central-involved ME was noted in 0{\%} (95{\%}CI, 0{\%}-20{\%}) of 17 eyes with no preoperative DME. Of eyes with non-central-involved DME, 10{\%} (95{\%}CI, 5{\%}-18{\%}) of 97 eyes without central-involved DME and 12{\%}(95{\%}CI, 7{\%}-19{\%}) of 147 eyes with possible central-involved DME at baseline progressed to central-involved ME. History of DME treatment was significantly associated with central-involved ME development (P <.001). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In eyes with diabetic retinopathy without concurrent central-involved DME, presence of non-central-involved DME immediately prior to cataract surgery or history of DME treatment may increase the risk of developing central-involved ME 16 weeks after cataract extraction.",
author = "Baker, {Carl W.} and Talat Almukhtar and Bressler, {Neil M} and Glassman, {Adam R.} and Sandeep Grover and Kim, {Stephen J.} and Murtha, {Timothy J.} and Rauser, {Michael E.} and Cynthia Stockdale",
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T1 - Macular edema after cataract surgery in eyes without preoperative central-involved diabetic macular edema

AU - Baker, Carl W.

AU - Almukhtar, Talat

AU - Bressler, Neil M

AU - Glassman, Adam R.

AU - Grover, Sandeep

AU - Kim, Stephen J.

AU - Murtha, Timothy J.

AU - Rauser, Michael E.

AU - Stockdale, Cynthia

PY - 2013/7

Y1 - 2013/7

N2 - Importance The incidence of development or worsening of macular edema (ME) is variable in eyes without diabetic ME (DME) undergoing cataract surgery. OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of central-involved ME 16 weeks following cataract surgery in eyes with diabetic retinopathy without definite central-involved DME preoperatively. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In a multicenter, prospective, observational study, 293 participants with diabetic retinopathy without definite central subfield thickening on optical coherence tomography (OCT) underwent cataract surgery. EXPOSURE Cataract extraction surgery performed within 28 days of enrollment of eyes without DME in individuals with diabetes mellitus. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Development of central-involved ME defined as the following: (1) OCT central subfield thickness of 250 ?m or greater (time-domain OCT) or 310 ?m or greater (spectral-domain OCT) with at least a 1-step increase in logOCT central subfield thickness preoperatively to the 16-week visit; (2) at least a 2-step increase in logOCT central subfield thickness preoperatively to the 16-week visit; or (3) nontopical treatment forME received before the 16-week visit with either of the OCT criteria met at the time of treatment. RESULTS The median participant age was 65 years. The median visual acuity letter score was 69 letters (Snellen equivalent 20/40). Forty-four percent of eyes had a history of treatment for DME. Sixteen weeks postoperatively, central-involved ME was noted in 0% (95%CI, 0%-20%) of 17 eyes with no preoperative DME. Of eyes with non-central-involved DME, 10% (95%CI, 5%-18%) of 97 eyes without central-involved DME and 12%(95%CI, 7%-19%) of 147 eyes with possible central-involved DME at baseline progressed to central-involved ME. History of DME treatment was significantly associated with central-involved ME development (P <.001). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In eyes with diabetic retinopathy without concurrent central-involved DME, presence of non-central-involved DME immediately prior to cataract surgery or history of DME treatment may increase the risk of developing central-involved ME 16 weeks after cataract extraction.

AB - Importance The incidence of development or worsening of macular edema (ME) is variable in eyes without diabetic ME (DME) undergoing cataract surgery. OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of central-involved ME 16 weeks following cataract surgery in eyes with diabetic retinopathy without definite central-involved DME preoperatively. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In a multicenter, prospective, observational study, 293 participants with diabetic retinopathy without definite central subfield thickening on optical coherence tomography (OCT) underwent cataract surgery. EXPOSURE Cataract extraction surgery performed within 28 days of enrollment of eyes without DME in individuals with diabetes mellitus. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Development of central-involved ME defined as the following: (1) OCT central subfield thickness of 250 ?m or greater (time-domain OCT) or 310 ?m or greater (spectral-domain OCT) with at least a 1-step increase in logOCT central subfield thickness preoperatively to the 16-week visit; (2) at least a 2-step increase in logOCT central subfield thickness preoperatively to the 16-week visit; or (3) nontopical treatment forME received before the 16-week visit with either of the OCT criteria met at the time of treatment. RESULTS The median participant age was 65 years. The median visual acuity letter score was 69 letters (Snellen equivalent 20/40). Forty-four percent of eyes had a history of treatment for DME. Sixteen weeks postoperatively, central-involved ME was noted in 0% (95%CI, 0%-20%) of 17 eyes with no preoperative DME. Of eyes with non-central-involved DME, 10% (95%CI, 5%-18%) of 97 eyes without central-involved DME and 12%(95%CI, 7%-19%) of 147 eyes with possible central-involved DME at baseline progressed to central-involved ME. History of DME treatment was significantly associated with central-involved ME development (P <.001). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In eyes with diabetic retinopathy without concurrent central-involved DME, presence of non-central-involved DME immediately prior to cataract surgery or history of DME treatment may increase the risk of developing central-involved ME 16 weeks after cataract extraction.

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