Machine learning methods for 1D ultrasound breast cancer screening

Neil Joshi, Seth Billings, Erika Schwartz, Susan Harvey, Philippe Burlina

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This study addresses the development of machine learning methods for reduced space ultrasound to perform automated prescreening of breast cancer. The use of ultrasound in low-resource settings is constrained by lack of trained personnel and equipment costs, and motivates the need for automated, low-cost diagnostic tools. We hypothesize a solution to this problem is the use of 1D ultrasound (single piezoelectric element). We leverage random forest classifiers to classify 1D samples of various types of tissue phantoms simulating cancerous, benign lesions, and non-cancerous tissues. In addition, we investigate the optimal ultrasound power and frequency parameters to maximize performance. We show preliminary results on 2-, 3- A nd 5-class classification problems for the ideal power/frequency combination. These results demonstrate promise towards the use of a single-element ultrasound device to screen for breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 16th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications, ICMLA 2017
EditorsXuewen Chen, Bo Luo, Feng Luo, Vasile Palade, M. Arif Wani
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages711-715
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781538614174
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event16th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications, ICMLA 2017 - Cancun, Mexico
Duration: Dec 18 2017Dec 21 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings - 16th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications, ICMLA 2017
Volume2017-December

Other

Other16th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications, ICMLA 2017
CountryMexico
CityCancun
Period12/18/1712/21/17

Keywords

  • automated diagnostics
  • breast cancer
  • machine learning
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Machine learning methods for 1D ultrasound breast cancer screening'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this