Machine learning-based multimodal prediction of language outcomes in chronic aphasia

Sigfus Kristinsson, Wanfang Zhang, Chris Rorden, Roger Newman-Norlund, Alexandra Basilakos, Leonardo Bonilha, Grigori Yourganov, Feifei Xiao, Argye Hillis, Julius Fridriksson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent studies have combined multiple neuroimaging modalities to gain further understanding of the neurobiological substrates of aphasia. Following this line of work, the current study uses machine learning approaches to predict aphasia severity and specific language measures based on a multimodal neuroimaging dataset. A total of 116 individuals with chronic left-hemisphere stroke were included in the study. Neuroimaging data included task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), diffusion-based fractional anisotropy (FA)-values, cerebral blood flow (CBF), and lesion-load data. The Western Aphasia Battery was used to measure aphasia severity and specific language functions. As a primary analysis, we constructed support vector regression (SVR) models predicting language measures based on (i) each neuroimaging modality separately, (ii) lesion volume alone, and (iii) a combination of all modalities. Prediction accuracy across models was subsequently statistically compared. Prediction accuracy across modalities and language measures varied substantially (predicted vs. empirical correlation range: r =.00–.67). The multimodal prediction model yielded the most accurate prediction in all cases (r =.53–.67). Statistical superiority in favor of the multimodal model was achieved in 28/30 model comparisons (p-value range: <.001–.046). Our results indicate that different neuroimaging modalities carry complementary information that can be integrated to more accurately depict how brain damage and remaining functionality of intact brain tissue translate into language function in aphasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHuman Brain Mapping
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • aphasia
  • CBF
  • chronic aphasia
  • FA
  • fMRI
  • lesion
  • multimodal
  • neuroimaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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