Lysophosphatidic acid increases in vitro maturation efficiency via uPA-uPAR signaling pathway in cumulus cells

Seon Ung Hwang, Kyu Jun Kim, Eunhye Kim, Junchul David Yoon, Kyu Mi Park, Minghui Jin, Yongquan Han, Mirae Kim, Gabsang Lee, Sang Hwan Hyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a phospholipid-derived signaling molecule with biological activities, such as stimulating cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. In the present study, we examined the effect of LPA on porcine oocytes during in vitro maturation (IVM) and subsequent embryonic development following parthenogenetic activation (PA) and in vitro fertilization (IVF). During IVM, the maturation medium was supplemented with various concentrations of LPA (0, 10, 30, and 60 μM). After 42 h of IVM, the 30 μM LPA-treated group showed a significant (P < 0.05) increase in nuclear maturation and intracellular glutathione (GSH) levels compared with the other groups. The 30 μM LPA-treated group exhibited a significant decrease in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels compared with the other groups. In PA, the 30 μM LPA-treated group had significantly higher cleavage (CL) and blastocyst (BL) rates compared with those of the other LPA-treated groups. In IVF, the 30 μM LPA-treated group had significantly higher CL and BL rates than the other LPA-treated groups. The expression of the developmental competence gene (proliferating cell nuclear antigen, PCNA) in the oocytes and cumulus cells of the individuals in the 30 μM LPA-treated group was significantly increased compared with the control group. In addition, the specific expression of urokinase Plasminogen Activator (uPA) and uPA Receptor (uPAR) in cumulus cells was significantly increased in the 30 μM LPA-treated group. The western blotting results revealed that LPA improves the activities of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) by enhanced phosphorylation. In conclusion, treatment with 30 μM LPA during IVM promotes enhances the EGF-EGFR signaling pathway, resulting in cumulus cell expansion. And then, this treatment improves the developmental potential of PA and IVF porcine embryos by enhancing nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation and reducing ROS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-207
Number of pages11
JournalTheriogenology
Volume113
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Cumulus cell
  • In vitro maturation
  • Lipid
  • Oocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine

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  • Cite this

    Hwang, S. U., Kim, K. J., Kim, E., Yoon, J. D., Park, K. M., Jin, M., Han, Y., Kim, M., Lee, G., & Hyun, S. H. (2018). Lysophosphatidic acid increases in vitro maturation efficiency via uPA-uPAR signaling pathway in cumulus cells. Theriogenology, 113, 197-207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2018.02.020