Activated killer cells are generated by the incubation of peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes (PBL) in the lymphokine interleukin 2 (IL-2). Unseparated populations of these lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells lyse a variety of fresh noncultured human tumor targets, but they do not kill normal PBL. This study analyzed the generation and lytic specificity of LAK cell clones. Of 49 (84%) clones isolated by limiting-dilution techniques from a whole population of LAK cells, 41 manifested significant LAK cell activity. LAK cell clones had varied cell surface phenotypes. Clones with high and intermediate LAK cell activity were Leu 2+3-4+7-DR+Tac+ and Leu 2-3+4+7-DR+Tac+, respectively. Single LAK cell clones lysed multiple fresh human tumor targets including autologous sarcoma, 5 allogeneic sarcomas, and a colon cancer in addition to the cultured cell line K562. Autologous PBL were not lysed. Tumor targets were each lysed by multiple LAK cell clones. Sixteen subclones were derived from 5 of these LAK cell clones. These subclones had 99% or greater probability of being derived from a single cell. These subclones also exhibited lysis of multiple tumor targets. These findings suggest the existence of a shared determinant, expressed by multiple human tumors, which is recognized in common by multiple LAK cell clones.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the National Cancer Institute|
|State||Published - Oct 31 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research