Normal splenocytes that are cultured in the lymphokine, inter-leukin 2 (IL-2), for as short as 2 days develop lytic activity for fresh syngeneic natural killer-resistant tumor cells as well as natural killer-sensitive YAC cells in a 4-hr 51Cr release assay. Lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells do not lyse syngeneic fresh lymphocytes but do lyse syngeneic concanavalin A-induced lymphocyte blasts. Lysis is not due to the presence of lectin or xenogeneic serum and appears to be an intrinsic property of lymphocytes activated in IL-2. The activation appears universal in that lymphocytes from all strains of mice activated in this manner exhibited similar patterns of lysis for fresh tumor target cells. To characterize the cells responsible for this lysis, we analyzed the phenotypic expression of surface markers on these cells with depletion techniques using monoclonal antibody and complement. These studies indicate that the precursor of the LAK cell is Thy-1+ and nonadherent to plastic or nylon wool. Lysis of syngeneic tumor was inhibited when LAK cells were treated with an anti-Thy-1.2, or anti-Lyt-2.2 monoclonal antibody and complement but not with anti-Lyt-1.2 monoclonal antibody and comple-ment, indicating that the observed lytic activity was due to a Thy-1+ Lyt-12+ cell. Furthermore, LAK cell-mediated lysis could be inhibited by the addition of anti-Lyt-2 or LFA-1 monoclonal antibody to cytotoxicity assays. Cold target inhibition analysis revealed that the syngeneic tumor cells were lysed by recognition of a determinant not present on normal lymphocytes or lymphocyte blasts. This lysis of fresh solid tumor cells by lymphoid cells grown in IL-2 may be of value in the study of tumor-host immunological interactions. The biological significance of tumor lysis by IL-2-activated cells requires further study.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - May 1 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research