We observed that lymphocytes obtained from healthy persons generally expressed infrequent reactivity with the monoclonal antibody 4D12, an antibody raised against a cell line infected by the human T-lymphotropic virus type I. As had been observed previously, persons bearing HLA-B5 cross-reactive antigens and certain other allotypes had frequent lymphocyte reactivity with 4D12. Lymphocytes obtained from persons infected by the human immunodeficiency virus were highly reactive with 4D12 as were lymphocytes obtained from persons with other viral or bacterial infections. Flow cytometric studies revealed greater 4D12 reactivity by larger lymphocytes, and in vitro studies demonstrated that lectin-stimulated lymphocytes acquired 4D12-reactive antigens. There was also a significant correlation between expression of 4D12-reactive antigens and the presence of the interleukin-2 receptor as recognized by the monoclonal antibody anti-Tac. Thus, the monoclonal antibody 4D12 recognizes a lymphocyte surface antigen frequently expressed among persons with various acute and chronic infections. This antigen is a marker of lymphocyte activation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy