Cross-sectional laboratory data were used to model the patterns of total lymphocyte count and lymphocyte subpopulation counts among persons with chronic HIV-1 subtype E (CRF01_AE) infection during the 6.5 years preceding death. The data cover 331 HIV-infected decedents from a heterosexual HIV transmission study of 590 northern Thai couples enrolled in 1992-1998. From blood collected at enrollment, the lymphocyte phenotypes (CD3, CD8, CD4, natural killer, and B cells) were stained using two-color monoclonal antibody combinations and quantified by flow cytometry. Piecewise linear splines modeled the associations between lymphocyte levels and time before death. Mean CD3, CD8, and B cell levels showed no temporal associations from 6.5 to 2 years before death, but each declined significantly during the 2 years before death. CD3 levels declined 31.0% [95% confidence interval (-40.3%, -19.8%)] and CD8 levels declined 24.6% (-35.4%, -13.5%) annually in the 2 years prior to death. In contrast, CD4 and NK cell levels declined little from 6.5 to 4.5 years before death but declined significantly over the 4.5 years prior to death. CD4 levels declined 22.1% (-29.2%, -12.0%) annually from 4.5 to 2 years prior to death and 63.7% (-72.3%, -53.6%) annually over the remaining 2 years. Similar lymphocyte patterns have been reported in U.S. and European populations with HIV-1 subtype B infection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas