Lymphatic endothelial cells support tumor growth in breast cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Tumor lymphatic vessels (LV) serve as a conduit of tumor cell dissemination, due to their leaky nature and secretion of tumor-recruiting factors. Though lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC) lining the LV express distinct factors (also called lymphangiocrine factors), these factors and their roles in the tumor microenvironment are not well understood. Here we employ LEC, microvascular endothelial cells (MEC), and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) cultured in triple-negative MDA-MB-231 tumor-conditioned media (TCM) to determine the factors that may be secreted by various EC in the MDA-MB-231 breast tumor. These factors will serve as endothelium derived signaling molecules in the tumor microenvironment. We co-injected these EC with MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells into animals and showed that LEC support tumor growth, HUVEC have no significant effect on tumor growth, whereas MEC suppress it. Focusing on LEC-mediated tumor growth, we discovered that TCM-treated LEC ( €" tumor-educated LEC €) secrete high amounts of EGF and PDGF-BB, compared to normal LEC. LEC-secreted EGF promotes tumor cell proliferation. LEC-secreted PDGF-BB induces pericyte infiltration and angiogenesis. These lymphangiocrine factors may support tumor growth in the tumor microenvironment. This study shows that LV serve a novel role in the tumor microenvironment apart from their classical role as conduits of metastasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5853
JournalScientific Reports
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 28 2014

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Endothelial Cells
Breast Neoplasms
Growth
Tumor Microenvironment
Neoplasms
Lymphatic Vessels
Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
Conditioned Culture Medium
Epidermal Growth Factor
Lymphatic Vessel Tumors
Pericytes
Endothelium
Cell Proliferation
Neoplasm Metastasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Lymphatic endothelial cells support tumor growth in breast cancer. / Lee, Esak; Pandey, Niranjan; Popel, Aleksander S.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 4, 5853, 28.07.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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