OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between susceptibility to lung cancer among Chinese and genetic polymorphism at nucleotide -463 (G/A) in myeloperoxidase (MPO), an enzyme found in lysosomes of phagocytes and involved in the formation of hydroxyl radicals and activation of various smoking-related carcinogens. METHODS: The association of this polymorphism with lung cancer in a hospital-based case-control study of 314 patients and 320 age- and sex-matched controls was tested. The MPO genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP). RESULTS: The allele frequency for MPO-463A was found to be 11.0% for controls, compared with 15.0% for patients. Multivariate analysis showed an increased risk for overall lung cancer in subjects having GG genotype (OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.2 - 2.5), however, the elevated risk was limited to squamous cell carcinoma (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.4 - 3.9; n = 177) but not to adenocarcinoma (OR, 1.3; 95% CI, 0.8 - 2.1; n = 137). In addition, the risky effect of the GG genotype on squamous cell carcinoma of the lung was evident only in the smokers and those who smoked >/= 26 pack-years (OR, 20.5; 95% CI, 5.6 - 75.3) as compared with GA and AA genotypes (OR, 6.2; 95% CI, 1.7 - 22.5) but not in the nonsmokers or those who smoked < 26 pack-years. CONCLUSION: Our data support the hypothesis that -463A polymorphism in the MPO gene may reduce the susceptibility to lung cancer in the Chinese.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]|
|State||Published - May 2002|
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